University of California, Riverside

Title IX/Sexual Harassment Office

What is Title IX?

What is Title IX

In 1972, Title IX of the Education Amendments became a federal civil rights law which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any education program or activity that receives federal funding.  The sponsors of Title IX were Birch Bayh (Chief Senate) and Edith Green (House of Representatives).

In 1980, the Department of Education was established and given oversight of Title IX through the Office of Civil Rights (OCR).

In 1984, the U.S. Supreme Court case involving Grove City College v. Bell ruled that Title IX was restricted to only those specific programs or activities funded with federal money (i.e., Student Financial Aid).  As a result, discrimination in many programs or activities was no longer prohibited.  However, in 1988, Congress enacted the Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987 over President Reagan's veto.  This act overturned the Supreme Court's earlier decision and restored Title IX coverage so that once again it applies to the entire institution regardless of where federal funds are utilized.

Under Title IX, discrimination on the basis of sex can include sexual harassment and sexual violence, which includes sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking.  A college or university that receives federal funds may be held legally responsible when it knows about or ignores sexual harassment or sexual violence in its programs or activities.  The school can be held responsible in court whether the harassment or violence is committed by a student, faculty member or staff.

Title IX states:

“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.”

Additional information regarding Title IX can be found at


More Information

General Campus Information

University of California, Riverside
900 University Ave.
Riverside, CA 92521
Tel: (951) 827-1012

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Department Information

Title IX Office
349 Surge Building

Tel: (951) 827-7070
Fax: (951) 827-7071